Granma is a Cuban province known for its rich history and incredible natural beauty. The long stretch of the Sierra Maestra Mountains as well as the longest river in the country, Rio Cauto, are found in Granma. There are two national parks in Granma, the Parque Nacional Desembarco del Granma and the Gran Parque Nacional Sierra Maestra. These parks serve as habitats for botanical marvels such as ancient giant cactus, dwarf orchids. Indigenous wildlife such as zunzun and tocororo bird species thrive in these parks.
In 1513, Diego Velázquez de Cuellar founded Bayamo, the capital city of Granma, giving it the distinction of being the second oldest city next to Baracoa. The Great Fire of 1869 destroyed most of the original colonial buildings. The people of Granman intentionally burned down the city rather than surrender to the colonizing Spaniards. Today, the restored city center is declared a national monument to commemorate the stand of the locals almost two centuries ago. On Saturday nights, the streets of Bayamo, and all other towns in the province, come alive with street revelries and parties, observed for decades and decades.
Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, a Cuban hero, was born in Granma. He is called the Father of the Homeland for his deeds in fighting for the country’s independence. In 1956, Fidel Castro together with his rebel soldiers, disembarked from his yacht. Museums in the Granma document the province’s history.
What to Do
The Fiesta de la Cubania is a weekly festivity in Bayamo. There are lots of music and dancing done as old-fashioned pipe organs belt some lively tunes. Tasty treats, chess games and other attractions await revelers.